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quadbin

CORE
You can learn more about Quadbins in the Spatial Indexes section of the documentation.

QUADBIN_BBOX

QUADBIN_BBOX(quadbin)
Description
Returns an array with the boundary box of a given Quadbin. This boundary box contains the minimum and maximum longitude and latitude. The output format is [West-South, East-North] or [min long, min lat, max long, max lat].
  • quadbin: BIGINT Quadbin to get the bbox from.
Return type
ARRAY<FLOAT64>
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_BBOX(5207251884775047167);
-- -2.250000000000000e+01,
-- 2.194304553343818e+01,
-- 0,
-- 4.097989806962013e+01

QUADBIN_BOUNDARY

QUADBIN_BOUNDARY(quadbin)
Description
Returns the boundary for a given Quadbin as a polygon GEOMETRY with the same coordinates as given by the QUADBIN_BBOX function.
  • quadbin: BIGINT Quadbin to get the boundary geography from.
Return type
GEOGRAPHY
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_BOUNDARY(5207251884775047167);
-- { "coordinates": [ [ [ 0, 40.97989806962013 ], [ 0, 21.94304553343818 ], ...

QUADBIN_CENTER

QUADBIN_CENTER(quadbin)
Description
Returns the center for a given Quadbin. The center is the intersection point of the four immediate children Quadbin.
  • quadbin: BIGINT Quadbin to get the center from.
Return type
GEOGRAPHY
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_CENTER(5207251884775047167);
-- { "coordinates": [ -1.125000000000000e+01, 3.195216223802496e+01 ], "type": "Point" }

QUADBIN_DISTANCE

QUADBIN_DISTANCE(origin, destination)
Description
Returns the Chebyshev distance between two quadbin indexes. The origin and destination indices must have the same resolution. Otherwise NULL will be returned.
  • origin: BIGINT origin quadbin index.
  • destination: BIGINT destination quadbin index.
Return type
BIGINT
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_DISTANCE(5207251884775047167, 5207128739472736255);
-- 1

QUADBIN_FROMGEOGPOINT

QUADBIN_FROMGEOGPOINT(point, resolution)
Description
Returns the Quadbin of a given point at a given level of detail.
  • point: GEOGRAPHY point to get the Quadbin from.
  • resolution: INT level of detail or zoom.
Return type
BIGINT
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_FROMGEOGPOINT(ST_POINT(-3.7038, 40.4168), 4);
-- 5207251884775047167

QUADBIN_FROMLONGLAT

QUADBIN_FROMLONGLAT(longitude, latitude, resolution)
Description
Returns the Quadbin representation of a point for a given level of detail and geographic coordinates.
  • longitude: FLOAT64 longitude (WGS84) of the point.
  • latitude: FLOAT64 latitude (WGS84) of the point.
  • resolution: INT level of detail or zoom.
Return type
BIGINT
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_FROMLONGLAT(-3.7038, 40.4168, 4);
-- 5207251884775047167

QUADBIN_FROMQUADKEY

QUADBIN_FROMQUADKEY(quadkey)
Description
Compute a quadbin index from a quadkey.
  • quadkey: STRING Quadkey representation of the index.
Return type
BIGINT
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_FROMQUADKEY('0331110121');
-- 5234261499580514303

QUADBIN_FROMZXY

QUADBIN_FROMZXY(z, x, y)
Description
Returns a Quadbin from z, x, y tile coordinates.
  • z: INT zoom level.
  • x: INT horizontal position of a tile.
  • y: INT vertical position of a tile.
Constraints
Tile coordinates x and y depend on the zoom level z. For both coordinates, the minimum value is 0, and the maximum value is two to the power of z, minus one (2^z - 1).
Return type
BIGINT
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_FROMZXY(4, 7, 6);
-- 5207251884775047167

QUADBIN_ISVALID

QUADBIN_ISVALID(quadbin)
Description
Returns true when the given index is a valid Quadbin, false otherwise.
  • quadbin: BIGINT Quadbin index.
Return type
BOOLEAN
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_ISVALID(5207251884775047167);
-- true
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_ISVALID(1234);
-- false

QUADBIN_KRING

QUADBIN_KRING(origin, size)
Description
Returns all cell indexes in a filled square k-ring centered at the origin in no particular order.
  • origin: BIGINT Quadbin index of the origin.
  • size: INT size of the ring (distance from the origin).
Return type
ARRAY
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_KRING(5207251884775047167, 1);
-- 5207128739472736255
-- 5207234292589002751
-- 5207269476961091583
-- 5207146331658780671
-- 5207251884775047167
-- 5207287069147135999
-- 5207902795658690559
-- 5208008348774957055
-- 5208043533147045887

QUADBIN_KRING_DISTANCES

QUADBIN_KRING_DISTANCES(origin, size)
Description
Returns all cell indexes and their distances in a filled square k-ring centered at the origin in no particular order.
  • origin: BIGINT Quadbin index of the origin.
  • size: INT size of the ring (distance from the origin).
Return type
ARRAY
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_KRING_DISTANCES(5207251884775047167, 1);
-- {"index": "5207128739472736255", "distance": "1"}
-- {"index": "5207234292589002751", "distance": "1"}
-- {"index": "5207269476961091583", "distance": "1"}
-- {"index": "5207146331658780671", "distance": "1"}
-- {"index": "5207251884775047167", "distance": "0"}
-- {"index": "5207287069147135999", "distance": "1"}
-- {"index": "5207902795658690559", "distance": "1"}
-- {"index": "5208008348774957055", "distance": "1"}
-- {"index": "5208043533147045887", "distance": "1"}
tip
The distance of the rings is computed as the Chebyshev distance.

QUADBIN_POLYFILL

QUADBIN_POLYFILL(geography, resolution)
Description
Returns an array of Quadbins that intersect with the given geography at a given level of detail.
  • geography: GEOGRAPHY geography to extract the Quadbins from.
  • resolution: INT level of detail or zoom.
Return type
ARRAY<BIGINT>
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_POLYFILL(
ST_GEOGFROMTEXT('POLYGON ((-3.71219873428345 40.413365349070865, -3.7144088745117 40.40965661286395, -3.70659828186035 40.409525904775634, -3.71219873428345 40.413365349070865))'),
17);
-- 5265786693153193983
-- 5265786693163941887
-- 5265786693164466175
-- 5265786693164204031
-- 5265786693164728319
-- 5265786693165514751

QUADBIN_RESOLUTION

QUADBIN_RESOLUTION(quadbin)
Description
Returns the resolution of the input Quadbin.
  • quadbin: BIGINT Quadbin from which to get the resolution.
Return type
INT
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_RESOLUTION(5207251884775047167);
-- 4

QUADBIN_SIBLING

QUADBIN_SIBLING(quadbin, direction)
Description
Returns the Quadbin directly next to the given Quadbin at the same resolution. The direction must be set in the corresponding argument and currently only horizontal/vertical neigbours are supported. It will return NULL if the sibling does not exist.
  • quadbin: BIGINT Quadbin to get the sibling from.
  • direction: STRING 'right'|'left'|'up'|'down' direction to move in to extract the next sibling.
Return type
BIGINT
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_SIBLING(5207251884775047167, 'up');
-- 5207146331658780671

QUADBIN_TOCHILDREN

QUADBIN_TOCHILDREN(quadbin, resolution)
Description
Returns an array with the children Quadbins of a given Quadbin for a specific resolution. A children Quadbin is a Quadbin of higher level of detail that is contained by the current Quadbin. Each Quadbin has four direct children (at the next higher resolution).
  • quadbin: BIGINT Quadbin to get the children from.
  • resolution: INT resolution of the desired children.
Return type
ARRAY
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_TOCHILDREN(5207251884775047167, 5);
-- 5211742290262884351
-- 5211751086355906559
-- 5211746688309395455
-- 5211755484402417663

QUADBIN_TOPARENT

QUADBIN_TOPARENT(quadbin, resolution)
Description
Returns the parent (ancestor) Quadbin of a given Quadbin for a specific resolution. An ancestor of a given Quadbin is a Quadbin of smaller resolution that spatially contains it.
  • quadbin: BIGINT Quadbin to get the parent from.
  • resolution: INT resolution of the desired parent.
Return type
BIGINT
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_TOPARENT(5207251884775047167, 3);
-- 5202783469519765503

QUADBIN_TOQUADKEY

QUADBIN_TOQUADKEY(quadbin)
Description
Compute a quadkey from a quadbin index.
  • quadbin: BIGINT Quadbin index.
Return type
STRING
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_TOQUADKEY(5234261499580514303);
-- '0331110121'

QUADBIN_TOZXY

QUADBIN_TOZXY(quadbin)
Description
Returns the zoom level z and coordinates x, y for a given Quadbin.
  • quadbin: BIGINT Quadbin from which to obtain the coordinates.
Return type
STRUCT<INT, INT, INT>
Example
SELECT CARTO.CARTO.QUADBIN_TOZXY(5207251884775047167);
-- z x y
-- 4 7 6
Last modified 1mo ago